After the conquest of Guatemala, in 1587 there were a considerable number of sugar mills in Guatemala valley so that the city of Santiago considers it appropriate to promulgate Ordinances Guild “sugar makers” and establish the post of Clerk Trapiches, who would be responsible for ensuring the maximum price fixing, measures of “sugar cubes” and the value of wages.
In the eighteenth century the trapiches proliferated in many regions of the Kingdom of Guatemala, to the point that in the same town was more than a dozen, as was the case of San Andrés Cuilco and Colotenango in Huehuetenango, San Agustin Acasaguastlán, Guastatoya, Valley of Sansaria, Cojutepeque and Santa Eulalia in El Salvador or Tuxtla in Chiapas.
The most important sugar plantations of the nineteenth century focused their production for domestic consumption and for export of sugar. Some continued until the twentieth century and very few still continue operating in the XXI century. The largest and most magnificent colonial mills lost production rate of previous centuries, given that most of them changed owners, leading in some cases to its decline.
By mid-twentieth century, the sugar industry is geographically concentrated in the “cordon cañero” in the department of Escuintla (80.12%), Suchitepequez (14%), Retalhuleu (3.44%) and Guatemala (2.44%). Of the 11 mills, which were the highest production capacity were: Pantaleon, Concepcion, El Baul, El Salto and Palo Gordo; the smallest were San Antonio TULULA, Mirandilla, Santa Cecilia, Santa Teresa, Mauritius and San Diego.
The diversification of agricultural production and the problems encountered during the governments of 1944-1954 forced the private sector to organize themselves better to defend their interests. So the initiative of this group of sugar producers was established and founded the June 10, 1957 the “Sugar Association GUATEMALA”.
Overall, the initial objectives of ASAZGUA were:
- Develop and introduce technology crops of sugarcane by creating experimental fields where seeds for distribution among cane growers are selected;
- Hiring technicians specialized in the field of sugar and form Guatemalan technicians to enlarge the sugar industry;
- Ensure introduce technology and improve the mills in the country;
- Import or acquire all kinds of equipment, machinery, tools, etc. for cultivation and industrialization of sugar cane;
- Act in service of its associated
These objectives were the begining of the future development of the sugar industry, because eventually specialized departments and entities were formed in the fields of research cane cultivation, as CENGICAÑA, in order to obtain higher and better yields, training was also given to future sugar mills technicians. Also was created the Association of Sugar Technicians of Guatemala, ATAGUA. In 2010 with the aim of developing research on climate change, it was created the Private Research Institute on Climate Change ICC. There is no doubt that ASAZGUA had a futuristic vision of what they wanted, looking for and envisioned the growth of the sugar industry in the country. *